Veronica Zapana reports for Pagina Siete:
The swiss cooperation and the government worked in the project
50 native plants that help conserve water were identified
The conclusions of the plan that protects the vital fluid in the country will be presented tomorrow [09/16/2015] and will start a new project that will last four years.
The kiswara, the qheñua, molle [Schinus latifolius], royal palm and Asahi are among the 50 native plant species that were identified by the Swiss Cooperation and the Government for their qualities in each of the ecological zones of the country, they help the management and rationed use of water.
This is one of the results obtained by the Natural Resources Management and Climate Change (Manager) project in four years of work. The report will be officially presented tomorrow in the Circle of the Union of La Paz.
The national program officer for the Swiss Cooperation in Bolivia, Marcelo Barron said that between 2010 and 2014 the project worked in 18 associations bringing together 150 municipalities of Beni, Pando, Cochabamba, Chuquisaca, Potosi, Oruro, La Paz and Santa Cruz. Also the autonomous departmental governments of Cochabamba, Chuquisaca, Potosi and Tarija joined.
“The project supports the management of natural resources with emphasis on water (…) because we understand that water is a major constraint to development and has a strong impact on poverty,” he said.
Under that premise, the project of protection of this vital element at the bottom of the basin an area where water is stored, was pushed. Meanwhile, in the communities, a committee was formed that decides when to distribute water to drink, where to install troughs for animals and irrigation schedules are defined for farm plots.
The project also worked to identify what type of plants should be planted according to each region’s ecosystem. “They have identified at least 50 varieties according to ecological zones”.
In the valley region they are: molle, willow, and palqui churqui, among others; kiswara, queñua, tipa and quewiña in the highlands; and royal palm, Asahi and majo, in the Amazon. These plants -said Barron- do not destroy the earth and consume little water compared, for example, with eucalyptus, which consumes so much liquid that erodes the soil.
The representative of the Swiss Cooperation noted that the project had great results. For example, a chiquitano community created a society and now produces almonds, generates resources, takes care of the environmental and water rationing.
“That community planted 5,000 plants of almond to market the fruit, but also to protect livestock, since the leaves are held throughout the year as fodder,” he said.
He explained that thanks to this project, that was completed in 2014, was released on Integral Water Management project, which will be released tomorrow [09/16/2015]. This new plan will continue the previous initiative until 2018.
Barron said they will work in 40 municipalities in Cochabamba, Chuquisaca, Tarija, Potosí and will benefit 362,000 families located in 40 water basins in the Andean region. It will work with national, departmental and municipal governments.