Bolivian narcotraffick 101 – Settling of scores without lead

Alejandro Mallea writes in El Diario:

The truth even if it hurts

Since the 50s of the twentieth century the terms terrorism, organized crime, settling of scores, drug trafficking, communism, socialism, Marxism, government and state were exposed in books documented by doctors Joseph Douglas and Ray Cline, former directors of the CIA.

They affirm that since that time the growing bond between the different communist political groups, Marxists, Leninists, rightist socialists and others with the drug traffickers mafias that seek the protection that the politicians can offer in exchange for large payments, is observed.

To this the firearms traffickers joined, who operate as suppliers for the “revolutionary” groups, which have relations with organized crime. In 1980, intelligence reports indicate that Cubans received orders from the Russian mafia to infiltrate drugs in the US. For its part, drug trafficking in China was an “official” activity, that is, the government used the state structure to promote the drug business. Zhou Enlai, former prime minister of China, was directly linked to drug trafficking networks in the western country and he is credited with the following sentence: “Capitalists must be disarmed with the things they like to try the most ….”

This is just a sample of what the relationship of different governments with organized mafias worldwide means. At present it is known that the economic movement of this illicit activity is approximately 85 billion dollars per year, comparable with the turnover of the global oil business in the same period. The European and Asian mafias reach 250, scattered all over the world.

South America and Central America could not be exempt from the explosion of the problem and the world market for drugs, coca and cocaine. It is also known that since 1970, cartels began to be formed in Colombia, Mexico, Brazil, Argentina, Panama, Honduras, Guatemala, Costa Rica … At the same time, these mafias are inserted in the transnational narcotics market; In the same way they import the raw material (coca paste) from Peru and Bolivia. The mafia system that is described acts in general with the “consent” of the current government in each country involved in these illicit activities.

In August 2018, the Canadian magazine In Sight Crimme published research and analysis of Transnational Organized Crime (COT), stating that “Today Bolivia is literally at the heart of the illegal narcotics trade in South America.” If we add that our country is also a producer of its own coca and cocaine, we will find that there are diverse criminal opportunities. Recall that Bolivia came to have its own small league mafias, the most prominent was led by Roberto Suárez (MIR era), who even came to work with Pablo Escobar and the Medellin Cartel. Today organized crime in the country is mainly limited to criminal clans, which participate in a wide variety of criminal activities, mainly in the production of coca base paste and cocaine trafficking to Cuba, Venezuela, Brazil, Colombia … and subsequently supply the international market.

Today the Colombian COT is producing high purity cocaine in Bolivia and sending it to Brazil, Argentina and Peru, where a small part of the drug is sold and the rest is transported to Europe or Asia. Colombians are still the pioneers in international traffic.

On the other hand, the so-called “cockroach effect” has also had a significant impact in Bolivia. What it consists of: when the lights are turned on in a room, the cockroaches run to the dark corners. Organized crime acts in much the same way. The lights are on in Colombia, the drug lords once they are identified have a short life, so they move abroad. Bolivia has not yet been able to find the electric switch.

Although Colombians and other mercenaries are frequently captured during the raids on drug production laboratories in Bolivia, the Bolivian police have not been able to dismantle the large criminal structures.

Let’s be clear, the consolidation of Chapare as a center producing coca and cocaine dates from 1991 to 2000, it is a gradual displacement of the participation of coca growers from the union arena to the national political arena in the hands of its president for life, Mr. Juan [evo] Morales, seconded by Álvaro García with the cry “causachum coca”. In 2001, after different tests, the acronym MAS-IPNS emerged without its own structure, but they called it “national political instrument”.

As of 2005, the Chapare became the most modern epicenter of the transnational drug mafias. Who is interested in giving prestige to the narco-nominated Bolivian government, and who are they using to sustain so much pedantry? The answer is very clear and the town is perfectly located. Then invent a small-time mafia character, such as the fugitive Pedro Montenegro Paz, is just a smokescreen in order to “settle accounts” within the very heart of the national government. It is worth asking: where are approximately the 3,000 million dollars seized from the national and international mafias from 2006 to date? That nobody of the involved ones says “Eeny, meeny, miny, moe.” And do not waste your energy talking about reengineering, refoundation, restructuring … of the Police, the Armed Forces and Justice, that nobody believes them.

The author is a University Professor.

Published by Bolivian Thoughts

Senior managerial experience on sustainable development projects.

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