In Bolivia, one million women are heads of households

ANF reports in El Diario:

In Bolivia

One million women are heads of households

2014-10-12 09.15.30 amA total of 987,852 women in Bolivia are heads of households, as evidenced by the official results of the 2012 Census, information that was highlighted by the National Statistics Institute (INE) to mark the “Day of the Bolivian Woman” in tribute to the poet Adela Zamudio (October 11, 1854 in Cochabamba), writer, poet, teacher and social activist famous for the vindication of the rights of women, her poem “Born Man” reveals the systematic oppression of women and to date is not resolved. [copy of the open in Spanish can be found below]

According to the census data, associated with the relationship to the male or female heads of household, daughters totaling 1,977,366 predominate in the country; registered wives reach 1,083,768.

Another revealing statistic indicates that more women in Bolivia have from 29 to 59 years, ie 33 out of 100 women are adults.

The largest number of women in this segment lives in the department of La Paz, 485 185, followed by the department of Santa Cruz, 418,666 women.

The information released by the INE notes that women of 0 to 11 correspond to 24.3%, youth 18 to 28 years, 20.6%; adolescents, 12 to 17 years, 13.1%; and elderly women, 9.3%.

According to the census data, the illiteracy rate of women was significantly reduced by 11.7 percentage points from the 2001 Census which was 19.3%, the latest 2012 Census in which 7.7% were recorded, with Potosi the department’s rate decreased by 22.3% followed by 19.9% in Chuquisaca.

School attendance in the female population of 6 to 19 years, in the 2012 Census, is 87.4% nationally, being Oruro and La Paz departments with higher school attendance: 90.1% and 89.4% , respectively.

In the area of ​​health, the women come mainly to public health facilities 3,148,227, when presenting any condition; 2,362,338 women also resort to self-medicate or shop at pharmacies to heal.

Santa Cruz is the department that has the greatest amount of assistance to public health facilities, with 859,820 women, while in the department of La Paz: 684,792 women self-medicate in pharmacies, and 682,151 use homemade solutions.

2014-10-11 11.32.04 amNacer Hombre (Adela Zamudio)

Cuánto trabajo ella pasa
Por corregir la torpeza
De su esposo, y en la casa,
( Permitidme que me asombre).
Tan inepto como fatuo,
Sigue él siendo la cabeza,
¡Porque es hombre!

Si algunos versos escribe,
De alguno esos versos son,
Que ella sólo los suscribe.
(Permitidme que me asombre).
Si ese alguno no es poeta,
Por qué tal suposición
¡Porque es hombre!

Una mujer superior
En elecciones no vota,
Y vota el pillo peor.
(Permitidme que me asombre).
Con tal que aprenda a firmar
Puede votar un idiota,
¡Porque es hombre!

El se abate y bebe o juega.
En un revés de la suerte:
Ella sufre, lucha y ruega.
(Permitidme que me asombre).
Que a ella se llame el “ser débil”
Y a él se le llame el “ser fuerte”.
¡Porque es hombre!

Ella debe perdonar
Siéndole su esposo infiel;
Pero él se puede vengar.
(Permitidme que me asombre).
En un caso semejante
Hasta puede matar él,
¡Porque es hombre!

¡Oh, mortal privilegiado,
Que de perfecto y cabal
Gozas seguro renombre!
En todo caso, para esto,
Te ha bastado
Nacer hombre

Published by Bolivian Thoughts

Senior managerial experience on sustainable development projects.

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