From El Diario:
Four endemic diseases threaten health of inhabitants
Dengue, malaria, chagas and leishmaniasis are the four endemic diseases that threaten the health of the population in a steadily way in Bolivia. Eradication is impossible, prevention and treatment are the only alternative to control.
Deputy Minister of Health Promotion, Martin Maturana, reported yesterday that the above endemic diseases in the country are not only controlled but there are great advances.
On the issue of malaria preventive medical teams perform tasks in eight [of the 9] departments, so it was possible to lower the cases of 18,995 (2006 ) to 5,965 (2013).
“Guayaramerín is the town where 60% of registered cases, so it is implementing an aggressive plan of prevention,” he said.
However, he stressed that although this year’s floods were recorded, dengue cases are lower than last year, down from 2,246 to 1,482, as a result of preventive actions to eliminate breeding sites, cleaning and fumigation performed by medical teams in areas most affected.
Thanks to the work of surveillance and vector control of Chagas’ disease, the country achieved international certification of “interruption of vectorial transmission of home sickness” in the departments of La Paz and Potosi. The next department to be certified will be Cochabamba in 2015.
The prevention and control work achieved lower rates of cases of leishmaniasis since 2006, from 3,000 cases to 1,687 by 2013. Was expected to declare Cajuata (La Paz) free of this disease.
For the representative of the World Health Organization [WHO], Michel Thieren, on vector-borne diseases in Bolivia, the Ministry of Health would be working properly according to the magnitude of each of the diseases.
To that, he said it is paramount to prevent the spread of vector-borne diseases, should be constituted from prevention and not from eradication.
For this, the Government should provide the necessary support to protect the public from these diseases, “actions must penetrate the local, rural level, and especially in those that are difficult to access,” said.
It recommended that climate change has a direct relationship with the diseases, “where there was no heat, illness vectors are summed and threaten citizens,” he said.