Juan Bedregal reports for Pagina Siete:
The true age of the city of La Paz
La Paz today commemorates 467 years of its foundation. Writings of chroniclers indicate that the genesis of the city was given 100 years before 1548.
We know that in this basin before us our ancestors, men of very different origins and lineages of the oldest settled. Perhaps it was the Chiripa, whose remains were classified by Max Portugal as those ancient puquina talks, which were creators of the great civilization of Tiwanaku. All this before the southern migration of the Aymara tribes, who built the chullpares, funeral adobe buildings that still stand as testimony to their presence before the Spaniards who gave the name of La Paz.
Fritz Buck formulated the idea that they, most notably, those of Taypi-Kala-Tiwanaku, may have left the valley del Illimani to forge the great stone capital of Tiwanaku.
The history of La Paz is not revealed through the discipline of archeology, but with history. Although archeology has certainly contributed with valuable items, they, in short, serve to understanding the condition of the previous village settlements.
Chuquiabo, 100 years before
We know from very early written sources Chuquiabo was a marka from the reign of Pachacuti had roughly a century before the Iberian presence, won the mythical territory of the Kollana and for his forays into the Amazon, into the basin del Plata and Chaco plains, Chuquiabo was having a strategic location.
In addition to agricultural and livestock production, Chuquiabo was a key territorial hinge joint, so that before the Inca culture, but also for several access roads to the Antisuyo, ie the warm promise of empire worked.
Later, and also by the Spanish chroniclers, we know that the last Inca who ruled smooth, Huayna Capac, discovered that in addition to those already mentioned virtues, the river brought Chuquiabo in its calm waters of gold nuggets. So this, in its immigration policy consolidation of the Inca state, brought and he settled mitimaes several communities, who worked on the washing of the precious metal.
Roads and wholesale markets
A colony called Churubamba Toponymy and indisputably Quechua, which was probably just the translation of the Chuquiabo language lexicon to the official language- accompanied the peaceful development of human contingent implementing roads converging on this marka. We have testimony in chronicles, like Pedro Sancho, the first Spanish that stepped ground in the paceño ground. But they tell us about it coincidentally in the Chapter Acts of the city of La Paz, who realize that about 30 kilometers of Chuquiabo there were several dairy farms in a road network, such as flagstone, heading to Arequipa, or Viacha and the Corocoro, bound for Potosi.
These wholesale market places clearly show that the roads were in a geographical point of organization of the territory, a center that besides dairy industry had an obvious condition: gold mining, which turns out to be evidence of a proto-city, that was being crystallized; an Inca concentration also admitted the presence of pacajes Manor, which imposed its language, language that prevailed in the region since the fall of Tiwanaku. Huayna Capac went straight protector of these migrants and recipient of its gold production.
Crystallization of a city in this industrial metallurgical facility, a sedentary gold washing, which was described by the chronicler and secretary of Pizarro, Pedro Sancho, in late 1533 or early 1534, can not be other than the neighborhood of Churubamba.
The nature of this town again revealed in some of the Chapter Acts, where the Spaniards already installed in it enjoyed waterworks left allowing the supply of the vital liquid, which must be protected by an express command to not be altered without the consent of the master builder of the city and under its supervision, he expressed.
These evidences are no longer of archaeological, historical type but, since they are recorded through the word, either from the writers or scribes of the Cabildo.
In 1536 several priests were sent to catechize the Collao and settled here in Chuquiabo with several chapels. In 1938 Francisco Pizarro settled personally for his mastery over ponds and sent from here to conquer Pedro de Valdivia to Chile, Pedro Anzures Campo Redondo found the city of La Plata.
In 1538, from Cusco, Pizarro lands and men grants for the construction of religious buildings in Chuquiabo, according to Los Angeles church reports.
The genesis of the La Paz city is given to the Inca conquest 100 years before the Spanish. That is the real age of the city of La Paz and we know that from written history. La Paz was born with the possibility of its historical record, not prehistoric.
City of 467 years
Foundation. On October 20, 1548, the Spanish Alonso de Mendoza founded in Laja Our Lady of La Paz.
Moving. On October 23 the city was founded again in the valley of Chuquiabo.
Caciques. In the valley indigenous people were subjects to two chiefs: Quirquinchae, from Churubamba, and Otorongo, in Potopoto (current Miraflores).