The “judicial fraud” | El “fraude judicial”

Editorial, Los Tiempos:

Between October and November 2019, according to reports from the OAS and the European Union, Evo Morales and his party, the MAS, committed fraudulent electoral manipulation or electoral fraud. Now, after the sentence to former constitutional president Jeanine Áñez, to 10 years in prison, the same actor seeks to commit a “judicial fraud”.

In the first place, former president Jeanine Áñez should be subjected not to an ordinary criminal process, but to a trial of responsibilities, as provided for by the Constitution and the laws. The power has used this route because it does not have the two thirds to authorize a trial of responsibilities against Áñez, but in doing so it has violated the rules; that is, it has committed a “judicial fraud”. A “judicial fraud” can be defined as a political prosecution that is disguised with the formalities required by a process, but its intention is to punish even if no crime has been committed. It seeks, in essence, to disguise an act of vendetta in order to find the historical truth of the facts, which is the purpose of all legal proceedings.

In other words, a “judicial fraud” is equivalent to the most detestable of the instrumental uses of justice, when there is no separation of powers or independence of the judges, because they are subject to the Government. This is how the fact that the Rapporteur for the Independence of Judges and Lawyers, Diego García Sayán, should be interpreted, has stated that former President Jeanine Áñez “has the right to a trial of responsibilities” and that she warned, in her prosecution, of political manipulation. García-Sayán’s words are in accordance with our legal system and respond to a balanced and measured judgment on the irregularities surrounding the criminal prosecution of former President Áñez.

In 2019, fraudulent electoral manipulation led the country to a political crisis that led to the resignation and escape of former President Evo Morales, who is trying to impose now that these events constituted a non-existent “coup d’état”, for which he seeks not only to condemn to former president Áñez, but to initiate a persecution against opposition and civic leaders, in such a way that there is no challenge for Morales in his disproportionate idea of ​​returning to power at any cost. The unconstitutional conviction in an ordinary process of former President Áñez will also cause a crisis and will undermine stability in the political system, in addition to growing unrest.

It does not go unnoticed that this “judicial fraud” occurs in the midst of an increasingly deep division between the factions of the ruling party, headed by Evo Morales, President Arce and Vice President Choquehuanca.

The “judicial fraud” has resulted in a sentence against Áñez that is null and void, because the court that tried her had no jurisdiction. These actions must be annulled and follow what the Constitution and the laws mandate to prosecute a former president.

Entre octubre y noviembre de 2019, según informes de la OEA y de la Unión Europea, Evo Morales y su partido, el MAS, cometieron manipulaciones dolosas electorales o un fraude electoral. Ahora, tras la condena a la expresidenta constitucional Jeanine Áñez, a 10 años de cárcel, el mismo actor busca cometer un “fraude judicial”.

En primer lugar, la expresidenta Jeanine Áñez debía ser sometida no a un proceso penal ordinario, sino a un juicio de responsabilidades, como lo prevén la Constitución y las leyes. El poder ha usado esta vía porque no tiene los dos tercios para autorizar un juicio de responsabilidades contra Áñez, pero al hacerlo ha vulnerado las normas; es decir, ha cometido un “fraude judicial”. Un “fraude judicial” se puede definir como un enjuiciamiento político que se disfraza con las formalidades que exige un proceso, pero su intencionalidad es castigar así no haya la comisión de delito alguno. Busca, en esencia, disfrazar un acto de vendetta a título de encontrar la verdad histórica de los hechos, que es el propósito de todo proceso jurídico.

En otras palabras, un “fraude judicial” equivale al más detestable de los usos instrumentales de la justicia, cuando no hay separación de poderes ni independencia de los juzgadores, porque éstos están sometidos al Gobierno. Así debe interpretarse el hecho de que el relator para la Independencia de Magistrados y Abogados, Diego GarcíaSayán, haya expresado que la expresidenta Jeanine Áñez “tiene derecho a un juicio de responsabilidades” y que advertía, en su procesamiento, manipulación política. Las palabras de García-Sayán están de acuerdo con nuestro ordenamiento jurídico y responden a un juicio equilibrado y mesurado sobre las irregularidades que rodean al enjuiciamiento penal de la expresidenta Áñez.

En 2019 la manipulación dolosa electoral condujo al país a una crisis política que derivó en la renuncia y la fuga del expresidente Evo Morales, quien intenta imponer ahora que esos hechos configuraron un inexistente “golpe de Estado”, por el cual se busca no sólo condenar a la expresidenta Áñez, sino iniciar una persecución contra líderes opositores y cívicos, de tal modo que no haya impugnación para Morales en su desproporcionada idea de volver al poder a como dé lugar. La condena inconstitucional en un proceso ordinario a la expresidenta Áñez también causará una crisis y restará estabilidad al sistema político, además de un creciente malestar.

No pasa inadvertido que este “fraude judicial” se da en medio de una, cada vez más profunda, división entre las facciones del oficialismo, encabezadas por Evo Morales, el presidente Arce y el vicepresidente Choquehuanca.

El “fraude judicial” ha dado como resultado una sentencia contra Áñez que es nula de pleno derecho, porque el tribunal que la juzgó no tenía competencia. Estas actuaciones deben ser anuladas y seguir lo que mandan la Constitución y las leyes para procesar a una expresidenta.

https://www.lostiempos.com/actualidad/opinion/20220620/editorial/fraude-judicial-0

Published by Bolivian Thoughts

Senior managerial experience on sustainable development projects.

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