A good Editorial from El Dia:
Vargas Llosa and his vision of Bolivia
The first disappointed with Vargas Llosa’s visit should be the Government of Evo Morales, because despite the enormous expectations that had in this regard, the writer made very few criticisms to the Bolivian regime, and only talked about populism, who considered being in full decline in Latin America, as clearly demonstrated by the case of Venezuela, where according to him, true economic and social catastrophe is occurring, despite the fact that the “chavismo” has established itself as a model for countries that are members of the ALBA bloc.
For the Nobel Prize for literature, Evo Morales is a leader democratically elected as Hugo Chávez was at the time and is the population which must choose which path to take. Anyway, he invited to revise world history and find a single example of success of any populist or socialist model and they will realize that all have failed and helped impoverish more Nations, especially the poorest sectors.
Vargas Llosa also disappointed Bolivian liberals and told them that in the 1990s they were wrong since they carried forward their reforms without reaching a consensus with the people before, to convince them that the economic changes were going to be favorable for all. Flaws in democracy and the lack of inclusion of the popular changes masses, eventually conspired against measures that ended up being seen as gestures of abuse.
He said to those who are opposed to populism and statism that have to be clearer in their ideas, to admit that they are defending capitalism, the market economy and other liberal values that have worked in many countries in Europe that have defeated poverty, and they are doing it very successfully in Chile, Peru and Mexico. He warned them not to be blended with undemocratic experiments (as happened in the past) and that before launching it first, they should earn the trust of the people. Freedom is just one and cannot have economic freedom without political pluralism.
Finally also left with long faces the autonomists from Santa Cruz, and tried to convince them not to insist on that route. While recognizing that the autonomy exist in the successful World Federalist models, in the majority of cases it has served to encourage nationalist and independence movements as in Spain with the Catalans and the Basques. He said that nationalism is the origin of the worst catastrophes in humanity, such as Nazism and the best route of the Santa Cruz is to convince the rest of the country that the model of free enterprise and private initiative can work in Cochabamba, Potosí and make happen in other regions what has happened in Santa Cruz.
For Vargas Llosa, the only battle that should engage in any of the Latin American countries is that of ideas, seeking always to persuade the other of not insisting on unsuccessful models. He said that liberalism, the left or the right are big fans that cohabit very contradictory shades. The key is to fight for freedom and genuine democracy whose main virtue is the search for a justice that is able to confront the abuse of power, which he described as the root of all evil. The key to the democratic system actually is to limit the exercise power, both in time and in their powers.
For the Nobel Prize for literature, Evo Morales is a leader democratically elected as Hugo Chávez was at the time and is the population which must choose which path to take. Anyway invited to revise world history and find a single example of success of any populist or socialist model and they will realize that all have failed and helped impoverish more Nations, especially the poorest sectors.
A very clear message! Enough to outcast ourselves for advocating free enterprise and capitalism, we must teach those who think differently, point them to see how China and Vietnam conduct businesses, how they have realistically fought against poverty. Bolivians have been taken as hostages by the “socialism” creed, by those who appoint themselves as erudite, those who preach socialistic views out of their own comfort. They may be more “charismatic” than those of us who just worked, but that has to change!