Last century, Cochabamba was considered the “food barn” for Bolivia, now it is the turn of Santa Cruz department; there are plenty of reasons: rich environment composed of rain forest, dry forest/chaco, mesothermic valleys and a little portion of the amazon basin; human capital and entrepreneurial attitude.
The gross value of the agricultural produce for 2009 registered a 4% increase as of 2008, representing 1,800 million dollars in economic production, of which 1.3 billion dollars was agriculture (71%).
Cattle production was 500 million dollars (29%). For 2010, there was a light increase of 0.3%. However, total value of agricultural production rounded 1.9 billion dollars, 69.2% agriculture, per data provided by Milenio Foundation.
During 2010 Santa Cruz produced 1,739 million dollars in exports, 55% in non traditional exports and 45% traditional.
In 1955, Santa Cruz had 57,000 inhabitants, 2,078,444 in 2001 and 2,865,074 in 2011. 78% live in urban and 22% in rural areas. The Santa Cruz population represents 27% of the Bolivian total population and shares the first place with La Paz department.