History 101: How and why it came to the 1904 Treaty

Jose Alberto Diez de Medina writes in El Diario:

How and why it came to the 1904 Treaty

Jose Alberto Diez de MedinaAnalyzing the history of Bolivia, it come to conclude that there were flaws such as lack of coordination and understanding, that made not possible to determine the imposition of the righteousness of Bolivia to obtain a gateway to the sea.

According to historical data that is after the War of the Pacific, Chile at that time with a disastrous economy in order to save secured a military victory, against a peaceful country like Bolivia, which was far from its Litoral, undefended and with only undefended garrisons, already scarce.

Today population growth, progress and trade make Bolivia to must necessarily obtain the recovery of one of its ports.

Landlocked Bolivia occupied by Chilean forces from the Truce Pact of 1884, until the Treaty of 1904, the governments of Bolivia tried, by all means, to recover a port on the Pacific Ocean.

Litoral mapThere was a Truce Pact, signed by the Chilean Foreign Ministry and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Bolivia, which established an indefinite truce, being held by Chile the total Bolivian Litoral, from parallel 23 °, to the mouth of the Loa River in the Pacific; The pact was signed in Valparaiso, on April 4, 1884, by Chile, Mr. Aniceto Vergara Albano, and Bolivia, by Mr. Belisario Salinas and Belisario Boeto.

The yields for the port of Arica, natural port of Bolivia, were totally affected, being charged to the income percentages for war expenses and other applied by the Chilean authorities. Landlocked Bolivia being in the hands of Chile indefinitely.

the signing of a treaty in 1895, by which it was established that Chile would remain as absolute master of the Bolivian Litoral, Bolivia yielding to the port of Arica, plus monetary compensation was studied; the Chilean Congress left pending approval.

And so it came to 1904.

The Government of Chile with a series of threats, including a new immediate invasion, a new war, or possibly the “Polonization” of Bolivia, plus the statement by the Minister of Chile Abraham Koning, who said: “We can not wait any longer, the Government and people of Chile believe they have patiently endured.”

Plus income from Customs Arica, which absorbed 65% only for Chile, the Bolivian people suffering the most painful economic downturn, the Government of Chile imposed the Treaty of 1904.

The Treaty of 1904 was signed in La Paz, by which Bolivia yielded its Litoral and as compensation Chile paid Bolivia the sum of 300,000 sterling pounds and the construction of a railway: Arica-La Paz.

The threat of a new war, a new invasion, plus the announced “Polonization” of Bolivia, who were not only threats, were successful.

Bolivia Bolivarian Society, founded in 1926.


Published by Bolivian Thoughts

Senior managerial experience on sustainable development projects.

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