El Diario Editorial, photo from the internet:
As time passes, the serious contradictions in the agrarian question, contained in the current Political Constitution of the State, the INRA Law dictated by the government of Gonzalo Sánchez de Lozada and the Law of Community Reconciliation of the Agrarian Reform approved by the government of Evo Morales, legal provisions that, in their more general lines, are determining the sustained impoverishment of the indigenous masses and a state of permanent conflict between peasants and indigenous communities throughout the Andean territory and inter-Andean country.
The most acute and recent case is related to the “marka” Quila Quila affiliated with the “nation” Qhara Qhara, which has raised a problem of land ownership before the INRA authorities and, given the impossibility of finding a solution, has a march, for about 800 kilometers, of the qhara-qhareños members towards La Paz to request an appropriate solution to their situation.
The marching peasants demand the restitution of their ancestral territory, request that was answered by the government in radical form. The minister César Cocarico declared that it is an “impromptu” request because “the constitutional route and the will of its inhabitants are not taken into account” and that it is also an “absurdity” for asking for “reconstitution of their territories.” At the same time, the President of the Lower House said that “what they are asking for is the reconstruction of indigenous peoples and nations and that is legally unfeasible.”
But while the authorities argue in this regard, the indigenous people of Qhara Qhara rightly argue that “We have collective titles of the colony and the Republic” and that the agrarian reform “only gave titles to the settlers, but these lands before the Spanish people were ours.”
The peasants of Qhara Qhara also claim that “the Cocarico minister and the INRA give false information” and both “violate the ancestral territorial cultural identity of the ayllus markas.”
This conflict reveals that it is only one of hundreds of similar cases that exist throughout the country, due to the obsolete and undemocratic agrarian legislation in force, which, in reality, is the tip of the line of a huge and tangled ball of problems facing the country’s rural environment and that will soon explode with remarkable scope.