Tag Archives: economics

Bolivia Hydrocarbon/Energy 101, under current ochlocracy…

Monica Briancon writes in Los Tiempos:

How well we are

Monica BrianconI was reading a report by the Millennium Foundation, where Germán Molina notes that YPFB carries a deficit of Bs608 million, Comibol Bs218, Ende Bs747, Cartonbol Bs6, Ecebol Bs200 thousand, Aasana Bs6 million, Apos Bs4 million, with Bs138 million Emapa, Boa Bs1 million, Bs500 thousand for Enfe and ENTV Bs45 million and says “are deficient because they have entered on a process to finance the spending, on investment projects, when these projects will have completed the investment is expected that these completed projects will generate income and then will allow to fund these expenses,” leaving it to the reader to draw their own conclusions.

On the other hand, I recalled that last year, in the industrial fair, which was made in August, was presented the Steel Company of Mutún (ESM) and kindly one of the officials told me that initially to begin with iron production, will use a coal plant and not natural gas; this fact struck me as did the data offered by Molina, and to contrast them with the ideas put forward by government authorities, it seems that we are not as good as we are led to believe.

The ESM wants communities from the surrounding areas of the Mutun to produce charcoal and are looking for reforestation areas, however, without being environmental specialists, is very easy to realize that using charcoal as a reducer of iron is frightfully more harmful to the environment.

In this environment, earlier this month, a news said that in Bolivia there are over 170 thousand hectares of forest that are destroyed each year by increasing the number of  trees becoming victims of the environmental crime perpetrated on all sides. And reforestation plans that are more optimistic, do not happen overnight, you have to wait at least 10 or more years for a tree to be timber, so it is foolish to believe that by delighting community members to produce trees, they will be ready for the iron production in a year.

But it’s not just a matter of having or not trees, also through the fact that producing charcoal iron is issuing thousands of tons of carbon monoxide into the atmosphere, polluting and leaving the environment with a nicotinic lung.

And that’s where another discrepancy between what our “helmsmen” say and what does occur. They said they have tremendous respect for Mother Earth and then they implement plans that directly threaten the Mother of all of us.

Nor will they look to use the natural gas that is supposedly over plentiful.

I think they only want to export because it is easier to remove as it is to have to make a pipeline that reaches the ESM, as it would as an internal buyer for a price in the domestic market and not with export prices, which, of course, is not a windfall for the state-owned YPFB.

And if the numbers made by Molina are true, then what the national oil company will do is to seek cover its deficit, so it will not seek expansion plans inside the country, but outside, trying to fulfill contracts with Brazil and Argentina.

I guess something similar could be expected from the rest of the state enterprises that walk in deficit, one thing I can not quite figure out is the amount of solutions and enthusiasm that they will put to overcome the possible crisis that will touch our lives.

Will it be that for Cartonbol, the government will incite the coca growers to leave their plantations to plant trees and then then asks them to hold back their desire to be rich, for like 10 years? Or will they continue saying that we are fine, while they are causing great ecological suicide?

The author is a social communicator

monica_briancon@bolivia.com

http://www.lostiempos.com/diario/opiniones/columnistas/20140422/que-bien-que-estamos_252345_551677.html

Regarding the absurd use of charcoal and environmental damage for El Mutun, the following article from David Lozano, December 2013, is also useful.

http://djlh.wordpress.com/2013/12/07/el-mutun-y-acceso-al-atlantico-a-costa-de-nuestros-bosques/