El Diario Editorial:
Thorny external panorama for Bolivia
Three successive blows of external origin have just been suffered by the Bolivian Plurinational State: 1) the decision of the Venice Commission that maintains that the presidential re-election of a ruler is not a human right, 2) the decision of the Human Rights Committee of the United Nations that ruled that there were human rights violations in the case of two opposition politicians and 3) the withdrawal in Unasur of six member countries at a time when that body is temporarily chaired by Bolivia.
The most acute case is the decision of the United Nations Human Rights Committee in favor of Rebeca Delgado, who was banned from running for mayor of Cochabamba by the Supreme Electoral Tribunal, although she was a leader of the ruling party, MAS and president of the Chamber of Deputies of the Legislative Assembly, but who withdrew from that political party because of political differences. The former legislator had filed a complaint against the Deputy Minister of the Internal Regime for alleged violence and political harassment, immediately after being linked to a separatist group. The opinion of the Human Rights Committee constitutes an international mandate that must be fulfilled by the State.
Another international verdict in relation to the Plurinational State was that of the European Commission for the Rigjht for Democracy, known as the Venice Commission, which in a report on presidential mandates indicated that re-election “is not a human right as such”. That opinion, requested by the OAS to said Commission, highlights that this situation is due to the context “of a recent bad practice in Latin America, of modification of the presidential terms through a decision of the constitutional courts, instead of the reform process.” And concludes that “the right to be elected is not an absolute right”, a fundamental aspect that affects an announced re-nomination of Evo Morales.
Another hot case added to that scenario that affects the interest of the ruling party, which consisted in that nothing less than six of the total Unasur members left the organization indefinitely, leaving it in an orphanage state and depriving the government of Bolivia’s economic and political advantages. Therefore, this new issue can be graphed with the saying “when it rains, it pours.”