Ivone Juarez reports for Pagina Siete:
74% of the population believes there is corruption in YPFB
57% of respondents consider that the level of corruption in Yacimientos is “high” and “very high”. Most say that state projects must be tendered.
74% of Bolivians believe that in Yacimientos Petrolíferos Fiscales Bolivianos (YPFB) there is corruption. The data was obtained from the last survey conducted by Markets and Samples, between May 14 and 17, at the national level, both in the urban and rural areas.
Before the query: Do you believe that there is corruption or that there is no corruption in YPFB?, 74% said yes, while 9% said that there is “no” corruption in the Bolivian state oil company. Of all respondents, 17% said they did not know or preferred not to respond to the Markets and Samples consultation.
The company also asked respondents how they rated the level of corruption in YPFB, 35% considered the level of oil corruption is “high”, 33% rated it “medium” and 22% said “very high” 6% said that the level of corruption in Yacimientos is “low”.
To the question of how should be awarded the execution of state projects? 77% of respondents said that by “tendering” and 12% by “direct award”.
Last week, five YPFB officials were sent to jail preventively for the alleged commission of crimes of breach of duties and misuse of influences in the drill case, one of the last allegations of corruption that touched the state enterprise. The case includes the commission of alleged crimes in the hiring of the Italian firm Drillmec for the provision of three drills to YPFB for 148 million dollars.
Since the nationalization of Yacimientos (2006), corruption scandals in the state oil company have not stopped. One of the greatest occurred during the administration of Santos Ramirez (2008-2009), when the robbery and murder of businessman Jorge O’Connor D’Arlach that exposed at least 12 crimes, between contracts injurious to the State and others.
Scandals in YPFB
2007. During the presidency at YPFB Manuel Morales Olivera was denounced the development of 44 irregular contracts secretly negotiated with oil companies. In that period the case of the “Rugrats”, the executive plant of Morales, for which Yacimientos disbursed 342,000 Bolivians for courses in Cuba was known.
2008. The death of businessman Jorge O’Connor D’Arlach during an assault in which he was robbed 450,000 Bolivians uncovered at least 12 crimes committed during the presidency of Santos Ramirez at YPFB. Ramirez is serving a 12-year prison sentence.
2012. During the management of Carlos Villegas presented the cases of Gerson Ramirez, detained for illicit enrichment and improper use of state assets. Ramírez, who served as national manager of Plants of YPFB. Other scandals, such as the theft of tires in El Alto and Santa Cruz, were presented in this year.
2014. Also in the presidency of Carlos Villegas in Yacimientos, a network of corruption was discovered in the communication unit of the oil company, where even awards were made to companies created by relatives of the then director of communication, Selva Camacho.
2015. In the management of Guillermo Achá the case “narcocisternas” is uncovered. The scandal arose after in Argentina, drugs were found in cistern trucks of a contractor company of Yacimientos.
2017. The case is one of the last scandals in the state oil company. It contemplates the commission of alleged crimes in the hiring of the Italian firm Drillmec for the provision of three drills to YPFB for 148 million dollars. Five low-ranking officials are detained. (ANF and Pagina Siete)