How Sucre became the definitive capital of Bolivia

Luis S. Crespo wrote for El Diario on July 12, 1925:

Defining the definitive capital of the Republic

Luis S CrespoThe National Constituent Assembly of the Republic of Bolivia, by law of August 11, 1825 ordered that lay the foundations of a city to serve as a capital for the new nation, and that city would be given the name of Sucre, in honor of Mariscal Antonio José de Sucre.

The Constituent Assembly of 1826 by the ACT of July 1, “empowered the father of our country and founder of Bolivia, Simón Bolívar, to designate the capital of the Republic to be nominated Sucre”. While this designation would occur and decided that was the provisional capital of Chuquisaca.

The General Sucre in his famous message to Congress in 1828 says: “The constituent congress submitted to Libertador choosing Id republic’s capital; and his reply, which will be submitted to Congress, he prefers Cochabamba. designated for its nature point itself, etc… ”

No one else would remember the capital of the republic until 1839, when the rebellion consummated in La Paz by General José Ballivián, June 7 this year, came to precipitate the events.

Back then, worked in Chuquisaca the restorative meeting called by General José Miguel de Velasco, and at the news of the rebellion of Ballivián with the army and with the collaboration of the neighborhood of La Paz, issued on July 12, 1839 two laws: first declared Ballivián as a rebel and traitor and placed him as an outlaw. The second law established Chuquisaca as the definitive capital of the Republic, under the name “Ciudad Sucre”, according to the votes of the Constituent Assembly of 1825.

In December 1848, after the Battle of Yamparáez, the overall winner, Manuel Isidoro Belzu made his entrance to Sucre. The neighborhood received him with signs of hostility, on the streets no one person was presented; only in the window of a house in the square saw a sambo slave in military dress, witnessing the entry. Belzu which was also sambo, realized the sarcastic mockery, and this and other acts of marked hostility from the upper classes of society so deeply irritated him.

In revenge, Belzu issued the decree of December 14 of the same year, which stated that “the point at which the government were to be found during their march will be the capital of the Republic.” But a decree, dictatorial, could not repeal a law; issued by the Assembly of 1839 and this had to prevail. The same Belzu, and guard against not of the capital, he subsequently returned their charters, showering her with honors and distinctions.

In 1871, after January 15, there was talk of setting the capital of the republic in another city, but the energetic attitude of Colonel Morales, who was marked by Sucre sympathies, drowned those pretensions.

In 1889, Mr Jose Carrasco, from Cochabamba and Romulo Araño Peredo, from Santa Cruz, presented to Congress a bill, moving the capital of the Republic to the city of La Paz. But President Aniceto Arce worked tenaciously for Congress to reject it, as indeed it did.

In 1899, after the triumph of the Crucero, the Governing Board issued the decree of April 14, stating that “the city of La Paz was the capital of the republic”, but Colonel José Manuel Pando, winner of the Crucero requested and obtained repeal of the decree, in terms that no one took more interest of it.

Apart from its landlocked condition, which was mitigated by the railroad, Sucre is the city that has well earned its name as the capital of the republic. Since its purest sky, until its topographic position, from the peerless beauty of their fields and their paradisiacal quintas, until the great culture of its inhabitants, this city is one of the most interesting of South America.

2014-07-18 10.07.48 amBright history in colonial times, which was the center of culture for half of the continent, with its famous University of San Francisco Xavier, which took students from Quito and Buenos Aires, with its learned audience of the most illustrious of America, as well as an archbishopric of eminent prelates, both Spanish and American, the former Ponds was destined to be the intellectual head, political and social of the new Bolivian nationality.

But still, Sucre had and still has its days of decay, by the little knowledge we have in the rest of the country, especially in the north, its natural conditions, as we speak, are all of great value …

It is said that the Liberator Bolívar entered Chuquisaca as an enemy of the autonomy of Alto Peru and left her by swearing to defend it. So it is with Bolivians: enter Sucre perhaps prevented, but loving it when they leave.

Source: El Diario, July 12, 1925.

Published by Bolivian Thoughts

Senior managerial experience on sustainable development projects.

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