Renzo Abruzzese writes for El Deber:
Sousa Santos and reverse colonialism
Boaventura de Sousa Santos can be considered the ideologue in the new Latin American populism line. To support the actions of the Governments of the type mentioned, the prestigious sociologist argues that the problems of current capitalism (referred to as post-capitalism) are two possible routes: imagine capitalist solutions to current capitalism or imagine precapitalist solutions to present-day capitalism. In the last alternative locates Bolivia and there is the indigenous[originario]-campesinos vein that sustain it. The argument is even more subtle: “neither one nor the other imagine capitalism without the internal colonialism”, assertion that allows understanding of colonialism to the wrong side of the project state of the current Government, which consists in pretending to decolonize the national society and colonizing it from the Aymara worldview.
De Sousa Santos believes that “we have modern problems, for which there is no modern solutions”, the solutions proposed by liberalism and Marxism – says – “already are of no use”, were part of a first modernity, but are useless in second modernity, that of Habermas. To criticize Western modernity says that (global) universal views are a colonial artifice to make it invisible to other visions that go beyond reality, it’s the local readings. These identities so far ignored, however, “are disabled to be alternative credible” against the influence of global and universal. Very true, the cultures that are encapsulated not thrive, its opening to a wider and increasingly less alien world is the condition for their own survival. It happens, however, that the new Latin American populism with strong ethnic content, such as our case and the Ecuadorian, they fall into the error pointed to by Sousa; they appeal to local cultures to build new forms of domestic domination, something as rebelling against the Eurocentrism of the West, re-articulating an emerged ethnocentrism.
It is frequent that a grand theory to Moors and Christians, and, in the case that it concerns us, the proposals of this thinker used in an arbitrary manner can run the same fate of the dagger that ended up in the hands of a monkey: he stabbed itself!
I agree fully as current government has managed to make us, Bolivians, fight among each other. There is no longer tolerance or empathy, and if current government would leave today, the wounds and scars inside Bolivian society would take more than fifty years to heal…